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Wildflowers

The ecosystems of Circle B are historically composed of live oak hammocks, marsh and upland sandhill and sand pine scrub. The live oak hammock forms a canopy and is dominated by live oaks, Quercus virginiana and their epiphytes spanish moss, Tillandsia usneoides, resurrection fern, Pleopeltis polypodioides and butterfly orchid, Encyclia tampensis and the terristerial plant beggerweed, Desmodium incanum. The marsh has seasonal wet and dry periods and characteristically lacking trees . Plants characteristic of the marsh are alligator flag, Thalia geniculata, pickerelweed, Pontederia cordata and arrowheads Sagittaria spp. Sandhill and sand pine scrub ecosystems are systems found along the central Florida ridge, Ocala, Lake Wale and Lakeland ridges. Like all pine communities fire is needed to maintain the system. Sandhills occupy the highest points along the ridges and are characterized by having cream to clay colored sand. Once the most abundant ecosystem on the ridges but was a good place to grow citrus. Now sandhill are hard to find except in the Ocala National Forest. Characteristic sandhill trees include longleaf pine, Pinus palustris, broadleaf trees like turkey oak, Quercus laevis, bluejack or upland willow oak, Q. incana. Herbaceous plants include dog banana, Asimina reticulata, Florida paintbrush, Carphephorus corymbosum and sky blue lupine, Lupinus diffusus. Sand pine scrub is characterized by having white sand and dominated by sand pine, Pinus clausa. It is said to be the oldest community found in Florida. The white sand allows rain water to filter quickly to the aquifer. The understory thickets are composed of scrub oaks, rusty lyonia, Lyonia ferruginea and a variety of lichens. Wildflowers consist of scrub mint Conradina grandiflora and garberia, Garberia heterophylla.

 Gulf Frittalry Caterpillar on Passionvine For more details on "Wildflowers of Circle B Bar Reserve" explore the information below. 
 White Wildflowers - (Click here for list)
  
 Scientific Name  Common Name 
 Alternanthera philoxeroides*  Alligator-weed 
 Antigonon leptopus*  Coral Vine, Queen's Jewels 
 Argemone albiflora*  Carolina Prickly Poppy 
 Asclepias perennis*  Swamp Milkweed 
 Asimina reticulata*  Dog Banana, Netted Paw Paw 
 Baccharis halimifolia*  Groundsel Tree, Sea Myrtle, Saltbush 
 Bacopa monnieri*  Water Hyssop  
 Bidens alba var radiata*  Romerillo, Spanish Needle 
 Boltonia diffusa*  Smallhead Doll's Daisy 
 Buchnera americana*  American Bluehearts 
 Cephalanthus occidentalis*  Buttonbush 
 Chamaesyce hyssopifolia*  Eyebane, Sandmat 
 Chionanthus virginica*  Fringe Tree 
 Cicuta maculata*  Spotted Water Hemlock 
 Cnidoscolus stimulosus*  Treadsoftly, Finger-rot 
 Conradina grandiflora*  Scrub Mint, False Rosemary 
 Conyza canadensis var. pusilla*  Dwarf Canadian Horseweed 
 Cornus foemina*  Swamp or Stiff Dogwood 
 Crinum americanum*  Seven-sisters, String-lily  
 Croton glandulosus*  Vente Conmigo 
 Cuscuta pentagona*  Dodder Vine, Fiveangled Dodder,  Love Vine 
 Descurainia pinnata*  Tansy Mustard 
 Diodia virginiana*  Virginia Buttonweed 
 Eclipta prostrata*  False Daisy 
 Erigeron quercifolius*  Oak-leaf Fleabane 
 Erigeron vernus*  Early Whitetop Fleabane 
 Eryngium yuccifolium*  Rattlesnakemaster 
 Eupatorium compositifolium*  Dogfennel, Yankeeweed 
 Froelichia floridana*  Cottenweed, Plains Snakecotton 
 Galactia elliiottii*  Elliott's Milkpea 
 Gamochaeta antillana*  Purple Everlasting 
 Gomphrena serrata*  Globe Amaranth 
 Gordonia lasianthus*  Loblolly Bay 
 Hibiscus grandiflorus*  Swamp Rosemallow 
 Hydrocotyle umbellata*  Marshpennywort 
 Hymenocallis rotata*  Spring-run Spiderlily 
 Hyptis verticillata*  John Charles 
 Ilex cassine*  Dahoon, Christmas Holly 
 Ilex glabra*  Gallberry, Inkberry 
 Ilex opaca  American Holly 
 Ilex vomitoria*  Yaupon Holly 
 Ipomoea alba*   Moonflower, Moonvine 
 Iresine diffusa*  Bloodleaf, Juba's Bush 
 Juncus effusus subsp soltus*  Soft or Common Rush 
 Lepidium virginicum*  Peppergrass  
 Leuchthoe axillaris*  Costal Dog-hobble 
 Licania michauxii*  Gopher Apple 
 Lindernia grandiflora*  Savannah False Pimpernel 
 Melanthera nivea*  Snow Squarestem 
 Melilotus alba*  White Sweet Clover 
 Monarda punctata*  Spotted Beebalm 
 Morrenia odorata*  Strangler Vine, Latex Plant 
 Myrcianthes fragrans*  Simpson Stopper 
 Nymphaea odorata*  American White Waterlily 
 Oxypolis filiformis*  Water Dropwort, Water Cowbane 
 Phlox drummondii*  Annual Garden Phlox 
 Phyla nodiflora*  Frogfruit, Creeping Chaley 
 Phyllanthus tenellus*   Leafflower 
 Phyllanthus urinaria*  Chamber Bitter 
 Phytolacca americana*  Pokeberry,Pokeweed 
 Polygonum punctatum*  Dotted Smartweed 
 Polypremum procumbens*  Rustweed, Juniperleaf 
 Prunus umbellata*  Hog or Flatwoods Plum 
 Pterocaulon pycnostachyum*  Blackroot 
 Ptilimnium capilaceum*  Mock Bishopsweed 
 Rhus copallinum*  Winged or Shining Sumac 
 Richardia brasiliensis*  Mexican Clover 
 Rubus argutus*   High-bush Blackberry 
 Rubus trivalis*  Southern Dewberry 
 Sagittaria lancifolia*  Bulltongue Arrowhead 
 Sagittaria latifolia*  Common Arrowhead 
 Salvia coccinea*  Tropical or Blood Sage 
 Sambucus nigra   American  Elderberry 
 Saururus cernus*  Lizard's Tail 
 Scoparia dulcis*  Sweet Broom, Licoriceweed 
 Serenoa repens*  Saw Palmetto 
 Sida acuta*  Wireweed, Broomweed 
 Smilax auriculata*  Greenbrier or Catbrier 
 Solanum americanum*  American Black Nightshade 
 Solanum capsicoides*  Soda Apple 
 Spermacoce remota*  False Buttonweed 
 Spiranthes spp.*  Ladies Tresses 
 Stellaria media*  Common Chickweed 
 Symphyotrichum dumosum*  Rice Button Aster 
 Tridax procumbens*  Mexican Daisy 
 Trifolium repens*  White or Dutch Clover 
 Vaccinium corymbosum*  Highbush Blueberry 
 Vaccinium darrowii*  Darrow's Blueberry 
 Vaccinium myrsinites*  Shiny Blueberry 
 Verbesina virginica*  Crownbeard, Frostweed 
 Viburnum obovatum*  Walter's  Viburnum 
 Zephyranthes simpsonii*  Zephyrlily, Rain-lily 
 Zeuxine strateumatica*  Soldier or Lawn Orchid 

 

 Red, Orange & Pink Wildflowers - (Click here for list) 
 
 Scientific Name  Common Name 
 Flower Red    
 Acer Rubrum  Red Maple 
 Asclepias curassavica*  Scarlet Milkweed 
 Emilia fosbergii*  Cupid's Shavingbrush 
 Erythrina herbacea*  Coralbean, Cherokee Bean 
 Gaillardia Pulchella  Blanket Flower, Fireweed 
 Hibiscus coccineus*  Scarlet Rosemallow 
 Indigofera hirsuta*  Hairy Indigo 
 Ipomoea hederifolia*  Scarlet Creeper 
 Lobelia cardinalis*  Cardinal Flower 
 Lonicera sempervirens*  Trumpet Honeysuckle 
 Macroptilium lathyroides*  Wild Bushbean 
 Melinis repens*  Natal Grass, Red Top 
 Portulaca amilis*  Paraguayan Purslane 
 Salvia coccinea*  Tropical or Blood Sage 
 Sesbania vesicaria*  Bladderpod, Bagpod 

 

 

 Flower Orange   
 Asclepias curassavica*  Scarlet Milkweed 
 Campsis radicans*  Trumpet Creeper 
 Hamelia patens*  Firebush 
 Lantana camara*  Lantana, Shrubverbena 
 Leonotis nepetaefolia*  Lion's-ear 
 Sacolia lanceolata*  Leafless Beaked Orchid 
 Sesbania vesicaria*  Bladderpod, Bagpod 

 

 

 Flower Pink   
 Abrus  precatorium*  Rosary Pea, Blackeyed Susan 
 Achyranthes aspera*   Devil's Horsewhip 
 Aeschynomene americana*  Shyleaf 
 Antigonon leptopus*  Coral Vine, Queen's Jewels 
 Callicarpa americana*  Beautyberry, French Mulberry 
 Carphephorus corymbosus*  Florida Paintbrush 
 Cercis canadensis*  Eastern Redbud 
 Desmodium incanum*  Beggerweed, Zarzabacoa Comun 
 Diodia virginiana*  Virginia Buttonweed 
 Drosera capillaris*  Pink Sundew 
 Emilia sonchifolia*  Lilac Tassleflower 
 Fumaria officinalis*   Drug fumitory, Earthsmoke,  
 Geranium carolinianum*  Cranesbill 
 Hibiscus grandiflorus*  Swamp Rosemallow 
 Indigofera spicata*  Creeping Indigo 
 Justicia angusta*  Pineland Waterwillow 
 Lantana camara*  Lantana, Shrubverbena 
 Lythrum alatum*  Winged Loosestrife 
 Mimosa quadrivalvis*  Florida Sensitive Brier 
 Mimosa strigillosa*  Powderpuff 
 Oxalis debilis var. corymbosa*  Pink Woodsorrel, Violet Wood Sorrel 
 Phlox drummondii*  Annual Garden Phlox 
 Pluchea rosea*  Rosy Camphorweed 
 Polygonum hydropiperoides*  Swamp Smartweed 
 Polygonum lapathifolium*  Pale Smartweed 
 Rhexia mariana*  Maryland Meadowbeauty 
 Rivina humilis*  Rouge Plant 
 Salvia coccinea*  Tropical or Blood Sage 
 Stachys crenata*  Mouse's-ear, Shade Betony 
 Stachys floridana*  Florida Hedgenettle, Florida Betony 
 Urena lobata*  Caesar-weed 

 

 

 Yellow Wildflowers- (Click here for list) 
 
 Scientific Name  Common Name 
 Flowers Yellow    
 Acmella oppositifolia*   Button of Gold 
 Argemone mexicana*  Mexican or Yellow Poppy 
 Bidens bipinnata*  Spanish Needle, Soapbush Needle 
 Bidens leavis*  Burrmarigold 
 Calyptocarpus vialis*  Strangler Daisy 
 Canna flaccida*  Banana-of-the-everglades 
 Chamaecrista fasciculata*  Partridge Pea 
 Chamaecrista nictitans  Wild Sensitive Plant 
 Chapmannia floridana*  Florida Alicia 
 Citrullus lanatus*  Citron, Wild Watermelon 
 Coreopsis leavenworthii*  Leavenworth's Tickseed 
 Crotalaria pallida var obovata*  Smooth Rattlebox 
 Crotalaria spectabilis*  Showy Rattlebox 
 Erechtites hieracifolia*  Fireweed, Burnweed 
 Euthamia caroliniana*  Slender Flattop Goldenrod 
 Gelsemium sempervirens*  Carolina Jessamine 
 Helianthus simulans*  Muck Sunflower 
 Heterotheca subaxillaris*  Camphorweed 
 Hieracium gronovii*  Hawkweed, Queen Devil 
 Hypericum fasciculatum*  Sandweed, Peelbark  
 Hypericum myrtifolium*  Myrtleleaf St. John's-wort 
 Hypericum tenuifolium (reductum)*  Atlantic St. John's-wort 
 Hypericum tetrapetalum*  St. Peter's-wort 
 Lachnanthes caroliana*  Carolina Redroot  
 Lantana camara*  Lantana, Shrubverbena 
 Ludwigia decurrens*  Wingleaf Primrosewillow 
 Ludwigia linifolia*  Southeastern Primrosewillow 
 Ludwigia octovalvis*  Mexican Primrose Willow 
 Ludwigia peruviana*  Peruvian Primrose willow 
 Ludwigia virgata*  Savannah Primrosewilliow 
 Melilotus indica*  Indian Clover 
 Momordica charantia*  Balsam Apple, Balsampear 
 Nelembo lutea*  American Lotus 
 Nuphar advena*  Spatterdock, Yellow Pondlily, Cowlily 
 Oenothera laciniata*  Cutleaf Eveningprimrose 
 Opuntia humifusa*  Prickly-pear Cactus 
 Oxalis corniculata*  Creeping Wood Sorrel 
 Packera glabella*  Butterweed 
 Phyllanthus tenellus*  Leafflower 
 Phyllanthus urinaria*  Chamber Bitter 
 Physalis angulata*  Cutleaf Groundcherry 
 Pityopsis graminifolia*  Narrowleaf Silkgrass 
 Pyrrhopappus carolinianus*   False Dandelion, Carolina Desertchicory 
 Raphanus rahpanistum*  Wild Radish 
 Senna obtusifolia*  Sicklepod, Coffeeweed 
 Senna occidentalis*  Septicweed, Coffee Senna 
 Sesbania herbacea (emerus)*  Danglepod, Bequilla 
 Sida acuta*  Wireweed, Broomweed 
 Sida cordifolia*  Llima 
 Sida rhombifolia*  Cuban Jute, Indian Hemp 
 Solidago fistulosa*  Pinebarren Goldenrod 
 Solidago stricta*  Wand Goldenrod 
 Sonchus asper*  Spiny Sowthistle 
 Sonchus oleraceus*  Common Sow  Thistle 
 Utricularia inflata*  Floating Bladderwort 
 Vigna luteola*  Hairypod Cowpea 
 Waltheria indica*  Sleepy Morning 
 Xyris spp.*  Yelloweyed Grass 
 Youngia japonica*  Hawk's beard 

 

 Green and Brown Wildflowers - (Click here for list) 
 
 Scientific Name  Common Name 
 Flower Green    
 Acalypha gracilens*  Slender Threeseeded Mercury 
 Achyranthes aspera*   Devil's Horsewhip 
 Amaranthus australis*  Southern  Amaranth 
 Amaranthus spinosus*  Spiny Amaranth 
 Ambrosia artemisiifolia*  Common Ragweed 
 Ampelopsis arborea*  Peppervine 
 Chamaesyce hirta*  Hairy Spurge,Sandmat 
 Chenopodium album*  Lamb's-quarters, Pigweed 
 Encyclia tampensis*  Florida Butterfly Orchid 
 Morrenia odorata*  Strangler Vine, Latex Plant 
 Myrica cerifera*  Wax myrtle 
 Parthenocissus quinquefolia*  Virginia Creeper 
 Phoradendron leucarpum*  Oak Mistletoe 
 Poinsetta cyathophora*  Paintedleaf, Fire-on-the-mountain 
 Poinsettia heterophylla*  Fiddler's Spurge, Mexican Fireplant 
 Rumex crispus*  Curled Dock 
 Rumex hastatulus*  Heartwing  
 Rumex obtusifolius*  Bitter Dock 
 Salix carolinana*  Coastal Plain or Carolina Willow 
 Tillandsia usneoides*  Spanish moss 
 Tillandsia utriculata*  Giant Wild-pine 
 Toxicodendron radicans*  Eastern Poison Ivy 
 Uritca chamaedryoides*  Heartleaf Nettle 
 Vitis rotundifolia*  Muscadine, Scupperong 
 Scientific Name  Common Name 
 Vitis shuttleworthii*  Calusa Grape 
 Zanthoxylum clava-herculis*  Hercules'-club 
 Flower Brown    
 Sorghastrum secundum*  Lopsided Indiangrass 
 Typha domingensis*  Southern Cattail 
 Typha latifolia*  Common or Broadleaf Cattail 
 Zamia pumila*  Coontie, Seminole Bread 

 

 Purple & Blue Wildflowers - (Click here for list
  
 Scientific Name  Common Name 
 Flower Purple   
 Boltonia diffusa*  Smallhead Doll's Daisy 
 Buchnera americana*  American Bluehearts 
    
 Carphephorus corymbosus*  Florida Paintbrush 
 Chromolaena odorata*  Texas Eupatorium 
 Cirsium horridulum*  Purple Thistle 
 Cirsium nuttallii*  Nuttall's Thistle 
 Clinopodium brownei  Brown's Savory 
 Conradina grandiflora*  Scrub Mint, False Rosemary 
 Desmodium tortosum*  Dixie Ticktrefoil 
 Desmodium triflorum*  Threeflower Ticktrefoil 
 Eichhornia crassipes*  Common Waterhyacinth 
 Elephantopus elatus*  Tall or Florida Elephantsfoot 
 Eryngium aquaticum*  Rattlesnakemaster 
 Gamochaeta antillana*  Narrowleaf Purple Everlasting 
 Garberia heterophylla*  Garberia 
 Hydrolea corymbosa*  Skyflower 
 Hyptis mutabilis*  Tropical Bushmint, Buttermint 
 Ipomoea cordatotriloba*  Tievine, Morning -glory 
 Iris hexagonia*  Dixie or Prairie Iris 
 Iris virginica*  Southern Blue Iris 
 Justicia angusta*  Pineland Waterwillow 
 Lactuca graminifolia*  Wild Lettuce 
 Liatris chapmanii*  Chapman's Gayfeather 
 Liatrus spicata*  Dense Gayfeather 
 Linaria canadensis*  Canadian or Old Field Toadflax 
 Lindernia crustacea*  Malaysian False Pimpernel 
 Lobelia feayana*  Bay Lobelia 
 Muhlenbergia capillaris*  Hairawn or Gulf Muhlygrass 
 Murdannia nudiflora*  Nakedstem Dewflower 
 Oxalis debilis var. corymbosa*  Pink Woodsorrel, Violet Wood Sorrel 
 Passiflora incaranta*  Purple Passion-flower, Maypop  
 Phlox drummondii*  Annual Garden Phlox 
 Pluchea odorata*  Camphorweed 
 Pluchea rosea*  Rosy Camphorweed 
 Pontederia cordata*  Pickerelweed 
 Pteroglossaspis ecristata*  Giant Orchid 
 Rhexia mariana*  Maryland or Pale Meadowbeauty 
 Ruellia caroliniensis*  Carolina Wild Petunia 
 Scientific Name  Common Name 
 Salvia lyrata*  Lyreleaf Sage 
 Solanum seaforthianum*  Brazilian Nightshade 
 Symphotrichum carolinianum*  Climbing or Swamp Aster 
 Symphyotrichum dumosum*  Rice Button Aster 
 Symphyotrichum elliottii*  Elliott's Aster 
 Thalia geniculata*  Alligatorflag, Fireflag 
 Tillandsia bartramii*  Bartram's Airplant 
 Tillandsia fasciculata*  Cardinal Air Plant 
 Tillandsia recurvata*  Ball Moss 
 Tillandsia setacae*  Needle-leaf Wild Pine 
 Tillandsia variabilis*  Leatherleaf Air Plant, Soft-leaf Wild-pine 
 Tradescantia ohiensis*  Ohio Spiderwort 
 Trichostema dichotomum*  Blue Curls 
 Triodanis perfoliata*  Venus's Lookingglass 
 Ulmus americana*  American Elm 
 Verbena brasiliensis*  Brazilian Vervain 
 Vernonia gigantea*  Giant Ironweed 

 

 

 Flower Blue   
      
 Bacopa caroliniana*  Blue Waterhyssop 
 Commelina diffusa*  Common Dayflower 
 Conradina grandiflora*  Scrub Mint, False Rosemary 
 Eryngium aquaticum*  Rattlesnakemaster 
 Hydrolea corymbosa*  Skyflower 
 Linaria canadensis*  Canadian or Old Field Toadflax 
 Lobelia feayana*  Bay Lobelia 
 Murdannia nudiflora*  Nakedstem Dewflower 
 Ruellia caroliniensis*  Carolina Wild Petunia 
 Salvia lyrata*  Lyreleaf Sage 
 Salvia misella*  Southern River Sage 
 Scoparia dulcis*  Sweet Broom, Licoriceweed 
 Sisyrinchium angustifolium*  Blue-eyed Grass 
 Trichostema dichotomum*  Blue Curls 
 Vicia acutifolia*  Fourleaf Vetch 
 Wahlenbergia marginata*  Southern Rockbell